Audio Translation and Seating


His Holiness the Dalai Lama will give the Jangchup Lamrim Teachings in Tibetan language, and there will be simultaneous translation via FM radio.  Therefore, please bring an FM radio with headphones, so as not to disturb others who are listening in a different language.

The following translations are expected: Chinese, English, Hindi, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Russian, Spanish and Vietnamese.

Groups, please note: All translators must be approved. Groups should not bring their own translators who have not been approved.


Foreign attendees will be seated together in the Foreigners’ Seating Area. This seating will be on the floor, so you are advised to bring a cushion/mat for comfort.  If you require a chair or stool, you must bring your own as these will not be provided.  If you must sit in a chair/stool, please be considerate of others by placing it in a location that will not block others’ view, such as in front of a pillar or next to a wall.

Only a limited number of languages can be transmitted over the long-distance FM broadcast. This will include Chinese, English, Hindi, Mongolian, Russian and Vietnamese.  These listeners can hear their translation anywhere within the teaching venue.

Other language groups (including French, Italian, Japanese, Korean and Spanish) MUST sit near their translator in order to hear their translation via short-distance FM transmitter. A general seating area for each of these languages will be arranged depending on the number of people (individuals and groups) who have completed the Website Registration Form. Therefore on-line registration is essential to ensure seating close enough to hear your translation.

All attendees are requested to NOT sit in a translation section unless you are listening to that particular translation. Otherwise, there will not be enough seats for those attendees who must sit near their translators.

Seat Reservations

As stated on “Seating is usually reserved on a first come – first serve basis…. The conventional practice amongst Tibetans is that you take your seat on the first day of a series of teachings, mark it with your cushion or piece of cloth, and thereafter, keep to that same seat for the duration of the teachings. This is how Tibetans have traditionally avoided hassling with each other over who sits where every day…. Usually, people come to the teaching venue 1 or 2 days before the teaching begins to reserve their seating space.”

More details about the seat reservation process will be added here once they are confirmed, which is usually only a few days before the teachings begin.